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“What is the best programming language to learn” is generally not a good question. A language should bind to a purpose, developing environment. Set it aside, popular languages often come with trending jobs. Here is the list of top 7 programming languages to consider in 2020 and 2021.
The programming language continues to be one of the best programming languages every developer should learn now. The language is easy-to-learn and offers a clean and well-structured code, making it powerful enough to build a decent web application.
Developers use Python for web and desktop applications, GUI-based desktop applications, machine learning, data science, and network servers. The programming language enjoys immense community support and offers several open-source libraries, frameworks, and modules that make application development a cakewalk.
For instance, it offers Django and Flask, popular libraries for web development and TensorFlow, Keras, and SciPy for data science applications.
Though Python has been around for a while, it makes sense to learn this language in 2020-2021 as it can help you get a job or a freelance project quickly, thereby accelerating your career growth.
Kotlin is a general-purpose programming language with type inference. It is designed to be completely interoperable with Java. Moreover, from the time Android announced it as its first language, Kotlin offers features that developers ask for. It effortlessly combines object-oriented and functional programming features within it.
The effortless interoperation between Java and Kotlin makes Android development faster and enjoyable. Since Kotlin addresses the major issues surfaced in Java, developers have rewritten several Java apps in Kotlin. For instance, brands like Coursera and Pinterest have already moved to Kotlin due to strong tooling support.
As most businesses move to Kotlin, Google is bound to promote this language more than Java. Hence, Kotlin has a strong future in the Android app development ecosystem.
Kotlin is an easy-to-learn, open-source, and swift language for Android app development that removes any adoption-related barriers. You can use it for Android development, web development, desktop development, and server-side development. Therefore, it’s a must-learn language for programmers and Android app developers in 2020-2021.
The programming language is celebrating its 24th birthday this year. It has been one of the most popular programming languages used for developing server-side applications. Java is a practical choice for developing Android apps as it can create highly functional programs and platforms.
This object-oriented programming language does not require a specific hardware infrastructure, is easily manageable, and has a good level of security. Moreover, it is easier to learn Java in comparison to languages such as C and C++. No wonder, nearly 90% of Fortune 500 firms rely on Java for their desktop applications and backend development projects.
Despite its industrial age, Java is incredibly stable and not heading for retirement anytime soon. This makes Java one of the most desirable languages among programmers in 202X.
Further, it is well-structured and easy to learn. Its extended toolbox makes application development quick. Owing to the benefits it offers, TypeScript is expected to supercede JS in 2020-2021, making it one of the most sought-after programming languages in the future.
Go is fairly a new system-level programming language that has a focused vocabulary and simple scoping rules. It blends the best aspects of functional programming and object-oriented styles. Go is the fastest-growing language on Github, meant to replace languages like Java and C++.
A Stack Overflow survey reveals that Go is the fifth most preferred language among developers today. This is because, Go solves issues like slow compilation and execution in large distributed software systems.
This speed advantage has made Go a critical component of cloud infrastructure. So, if you are planning to work in a serverless ecosystem, Go is the language for you.
Swift is a general-purpose compiled programming language developed by Apple. It offers developers a simple and cohesive syntax. It is deeply influenced by Python and Ruby that’s fast, secure, and easy-to-learn. Owning to its versatility and practical applications, Swift has replaced Objective-C as the main language for Apple-related applications.
Further, since Swift is promoted by Apple, its popularity and community support are increasing. In fact, a study of the top 110 apps on the app store showed that 42% of apps are already using Swift.
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Coders with little or zero experience can use Swift Playgrounds to learn the language, experiment with complex codes, and work on native iOS and macOS apps. Swift is the premiere coding language to create iOS apps within a short time. It opens several opportunities for new programmers, allowing them to make it big in the world of app development.
There is a giant market out there for iOS and you definitely want to be a part of it. If you are eyeing this burgeoning market, Swift is the language you should learn in 2020-2021.
Nearly all coders have an insatiable thirst for learning new languages. However, knowing which languages are gaining popularity and can ensure a better career growth will help you prioritize learning them first. Use the information shared in this post to make an informed decision in this matter.